Original References on Tomari-te

In karate circles both in Japan and abroad the so-called Tomari-te has become a topic of great interest in the recent decade. As had been pointed out recently, today there are a lot of genealogies of schools claiming Tomari-te heritage. Yet, since such genealogies sometimes merely seem to serve the purposes and interests of the school in question, they can often not be expected to constitute objective descriptions of actual historical fact.

But besides oral tradition and home-brewed genealogies, what is the actual history of sources on the so-called Tomari-te?

Large parts of the fundamentals for the current genealogical flow charts of the so-called Tomari-te were researched and presented by no less than Nagamine Shōshin. Nagamine sensei and his senpai Shimabukuro Tarō were two of the interviewers of the article “Listening to the Combat Stories of Venerable Old Warrior Motobu Chōki” of 1936. Here, Motobu Chōki expressed:

“This happened when I was 20 years old. When Kameya, Yabu [Kentsū] and my older brother [Motobu Chōyu] went to see Matsumora sensei in Tomari for instruction, Matsumora sensei asked them a question about how to block a certain attack. I heard that they could not figure out the answer even though they tried very hard to come up with it for a whole week….” 

It should be noted that Motobu Chōki is one of the best known disciples known to have trained directly with Matsumora.

The possibly first written use of the designation "Chatan Yara no Kūsankū" by Nagamine, 1959.

One of the earliest written uses of the designation “Chatan Yara no Kūsankū”, by Nagamine, 1959.

Later, in a newspaper article of 1959 Nagamine explains about Rōhai and Chintō of Tomari provenance, as well as about Matsumora Kōsaku. As a side note, in the same article series Nagamine also uses the designation Chatan Yara no Kūsankū. This is one of the earliest instances of this name found in writing.

In 1970 followed the publication of Matsumura Kōshō’s research on Matsumora Kōsaku, whose grandchild he was. Nagamine sensei is listed here as a contributor of information.

While in the 1975 book “The Essence of Okinawan Karate-dō” not much information is found, Nagamine sensei here describes how Matsumora Kōsaku was impressed with Motobu Chōki’s enthusiasm for the martial art and taught him Naihanchi and Passai, and how Motobu studied Matsumora’s actual fighting techniques by secretly watching him nightly through the fence, because Matsumora didn’t wanted to teach him kumite. However, this this seems to be an oral history narrated by third parties: Motobu Chōki himself noted that he indeed learned kumite from Matsumora, but did not mention anything about learning kata from Matsumora. Therefore, at this point Nagamine appears to have reversed the facts. This can also be seen in the above mentioned interview from 1936, where Motobu Chōki answered a question:

“It happened when I was 19. I went to Matsumora’s place with Tamashiro from Kariya who was a sumō wrestler, and I received kumite training there. Matsumora sensei threw a punch at me. My hand blocked the punch and hit straight into sensei’s (Matsumora’s) face. His teeth immediately begun to bleed. I took one step back and said, ‘I am very sorry, sensei.’ But sensei insisted, ‘Don’t stop, just keep punching and hitting me continuously.’ Then I felt great, becoming more excited and kept on training. This was a true story. I never told anyone about this incident, but Yabu used to tell me that he knew about it.”

From one of seven artciles on Matsumora by Nagamine Sensei, 1979.

From one of seven artciles on Matsumora by Nagamine Sensei, 1979.

Within the chronology of reasearh publications, it was only in 1979 that Nagamine sensei published a whole series of articles about Matsumora Kōsaku. It appears that only at that time he was able to provide the fruits of his long lasting research into this topic. It is here that we find all those hero stories of Matsumora that today every child knows, like nightly training at the graveyards or when Matsumora encountered and killed a Satsuma samurai.

It is also from the above research and publications that we first learned of Matsumora’s first teacher as Uku Karyū 宇久嘉隆 and his second teacher as Teruya Kishin 照屋規箴. This is the basis of all Tomari-lineages ever since.

Well, in his 1986 book Nagamine Sensei wrote the following about his studies of Tomari-te:

“The martial art of the venerable old gentleman (Matsumora Kōsaku) was inherited by Yamazato Giki 山里義輝, Kuba Kōho 久場興保, and Iha Kōtatsu 伊波興達. In his role as the karate instructor of the Tomari Student Council, Iha Kōtatsu in particular handed down the martial arts of the venerable old gentleman (Matsumora Kōsaku) to many of Tomari’s youngsters. This author (Nagamine Shōshin), too, inherited such kata as Passai, Chintō, Wankan, Rōhai, and Wanshū of Tomari-te from this teacher, and continues to preserve and research these kata in my current Matsubayashi-ryū Karate-dō Kōdōkan Dōjō 松林流空手道興道館道場.”

Note that the very name Kōdōkan 興道館 is headed by the character 興, which was the first character used in the personal names of the Yō-clan, to which Matsumora, Iha, Oyadomari Kōkan and many other persons of Tomari belonged.

As regards Iha Kōtatsu, in Nagamine 1975 book “The Essence of Okinawan Karate-dō” a little more info is found about this.

Iha Kotatsu as identified in OKKJ 2008.

Iha Kotatsu as identified in OKKJ 2008.

“Around the time I advanced to become a senior student at Naha Commercial School [~1926–27], at the annual ‘Large Kendō and Karate-dō Martial Arts Demonstration’ traditionally hosted by the Tomari Student Council, I participated as the leader of the karate department. In addition, by using the schoolyard of Tomari Elementary School, every evening we practiced karate with the coach of that time, the venerable old gentleman Iha Kōtatsu (1873 – 1928), who was called Iha Sisū-tanmē. At the time vernerabe old gentleman (Iha) was the only person still alive who had received personal transmission of skill directly from Bushi Matsumora Kōsaku, and Iha’s teaching was quite severe.”

The last sentence is not entirely correct, since Matsumora’s proven students such as Motobu Chōyu, Motobu Chōki, Yabu Kentsū, and Kyan Chōtoku were still alive at that time.

Besides, previously mentioned Shimabukuro Tarō (see also here), a long time training partner of Nagamine sensei, had also studied under the same Iha Kōtatsu, from whom Shimabukuro learned Wankan, Rōhai, and Wanshū as skills handed down in the Tomari region.

From the above alone it might be said that the Tomari-share among the kata of Matsubayashi-ryū possess a uniquely strong Tomari-te lineage above reproach. That is, Wankan, Rōhai, and Wanshū, as well as Passai and Chintō.

Since Iha Kōtatsu acted as the karate instructor of the Tomari Student Council, and since he is mentioned as the crucial Tomari-lineage-hub in many other lineages of today, he appears to also have given rise to other traditions. In the future, I hope to hear more about these traditions and see more of their techniques.

Until that time, I took the freedom to take a close look at the origin of the person Iha Kōtatsu. In order to do so, I translated the original Ryūkyū kingdom-era “Genealogy of the Yō-clan, House Iha” from Tomari. In it is found in the 13. generation one Kōtatsu of the House of Iha. His childhood name was Tarugani 樽金 and his Chinese-style name Yō Eishō 雍永彰. He was born born 1873-06-21 as the fourth son of father Kōboku 興睦 and mother Umitu 思戸.

7. Generation Iha Shī Kōsei 伊波子興生

  • Childhood name: Umigani 思兼
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Kihō 雍其鳳
  • Born 1672-02-24 as the third son.
  • Father: Iha Pēchin Kōji (Yō Kokukan) 伊波親雲上興治 (雍克寛), 6th generation of Kochinda Pēchin Kōchō 興長 (Yō Kabō 雍可懋)
  • Mother: Moushi 眞牛, daughter of Onaga Pēchin Buku from the Chi-clan 智氏 翁長親雲上武矩
  • Wife: Makami 眞龜, daughter of Takayasu Pēchin Antsū from the Teki-clan 狄氏高安親雲上安通
  • Oldest son: Kōshin 興辰
  • Oldest daughter: Moushi 眞牛 (born 1699-09-08, died 1752-04-23 at the age of 54 years, posthumous name Shingen 心源)
  • Second daughter: Manandaru 眞那武樽 (born 1702-08-22, married Yagi Chikudun Seihō from the Kō-clan 幸氏屋宜筑登之政方)

During the Era of King Shō Tei (rg. 1669 – 1709)

  • 1687-02-01: He tied up his topknot (coming of age)
  • 1710-08-21: Died at the age of 39 years, posthumous name Ryōshin 了心

8. Generation Iha Chikudun Pēchin Kōshin 伊波筑登之親雲上興辰

  • Childhood name: Tarugani 樽金
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Joshū 雍汝楫
  • Born 1696-05-22 as the first-born son
  • Father: Kōsei 興生
  • Mother: Makami 眞龜 from the Teki-clan 狄氏
  • Wife: Makatu 眞加戸, daughter of Kina Chikudun 喜納筑登之
  • Oldest son: Kōkō 興孝

During the Era of King Shō Tei (rg. 1669 – 1709)

  • 1708-03-25: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)

During the Era of King Shō Kei (rg. 1713 – 1751)

  • 1725-06-15: Awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷
  • 1727-06-18: Serves as a clerk of the O-dōgu Atari 御道具當筆者
  • 1729-08-11: Awarded the court rank of Yellow Hachimaki 黄冠

During the Era of King Shō Boku (rg. 1752 – 1794)

  • 1752-12-01: Serves as a police inspector (yokome 横目), awarded the court rank of Seitō-zashiki 勢頭座敷
  • 1755-04-08: Serves on duty for the reception of returning China-ships (唐船). Reached Iheya Island on 05-08. After the government business was completed, he returned to the capital (to Okinawa) on 1755-09-17.
  • 1760-12-01: Serves as Sō-kumigashira 惣與頭 of Tomari village
  • 1763-07-17: Dies after a long life of 68 years

9. Generation Kōkō 興孝 (since his name Umituku 思徳 was prohibited, it was changed to Umikana 思加那)

  • Childhood name: Umituku 思徳
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Shitatsu 雍士達
  • Born 1749-05-18 as the first-born son
  • Father: Kōshin 興辰
  • Mother:  Makatu 眞加戸
  • Wife: Makatu 眞嘉戸, daughter of Urasaki Chikudun Kōri 浦崎筑登之康利 from the Ryū-clan 柳氏
  • Oldest son: Kōhō 興寳 (Childhood name Masanru 眞三良, Chinese-style name Yō Kōgyō 雍光業, born 1770-08-16, died 1776-09-25 at the age of 7)
  • Second son: Kōhon 興本
  • Third son: Kōga 興賀 (because the premature deaths of his older brothers Kōhō 興寶 and Kōhon 興本, he was designated the heir)
  • Oldest daughter: Moushi 眞牛 (born 1781-03-11)
  • Second daughter:  Mazuru 眞鶴  (born 1783-10-20)
  • Fourth son: Kōshi 興始

During the Era of King Shō Boku (rg. 1752 – 1794)

  • 1764-10-05: He tied up his topknot (coming of age)
  • 1774-12-11: Awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷
  • 1789-12-12: Awarded the court rank of Yellow Hachimaki 黄冠

10. Generation Kōhon 興本

  • Childhood name:  Matsugani 松金
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Kōhitsu 雍光弼
  • Born 1773-12-26 as the second son
  • Father: Kōkō 興孝
  • Mother: Makatu 眞嘉戸 from the Ryū-clan 柳氏
  • Heir: Kokō 興功

During the Era of King Shō Boku (rg. 1752 – 1794)

  • 1787-02-01: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)
  • 1788-05-26: Died at the age of 16 years

10. Generation Kōga 興賀

  • Childhood name:  Makamado 眞蒲戸
  • Chinese-style name: 雍光勲
  • Born 1777-09-29 as the third son
  • Father: Kōkō 興孝
  • Mother: Makatu 眞嘉戸 from the Ryū-clan 柳氏
  • Wife: Uminda 思武太, daughter of Idesuna Chikudun Pēchin Ryūjun from the Ryū-clan 柳氏出砂筑登之親雲上隆順 from the Ryū-clan (born 1787-09-12, died 1837-06-28 at the age of 51, posthumous name Ka’un 夏雲)
  • Oldest son: Kōshi 興址
  • Second son: Kokō 興功 (Childhood name: Umikana 思加那, Chinese-style name Yō Shinbatsu 雍振發, born 1811-11-09. Since his uncle Kōhon 興本 [10. gen] had no successor, he was designated heir)
  • Oldest daughter: Makatu 眞嘉戸 (born 1814-09-04)
  • Second daughter: Moushi 眞牛 (born 1817-10-23)
  • Third daughter:  Mazuru 眞鶴  (born 1819-09-17)
  • Third son: Kōsen 興仙 (Since his uncle Kōshi 興始 [10. gen] had no successor, he was designated heir)
  • Fourth son: Kōhō 興峯

During the Era of King Shō Boku (rg. 1752 – 1794)

  • 1791-12-10: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)

During the Era of King Shō Kō (rg. 1804 – 1834)

  • 1811-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷
  • 1816-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Yellow Hachimaki 黄冠
  • 1831-12-01: Serves as Sō-kumigashira 惣與頭 of Tomari
  • 1834-06-01: Serves as Sō-kumigashira 惣與頭 of Tomari

During the Era of King Shō Iku (rg. 1835 – 1847)

  • 1837-05-21: awarded the court rank of Zashiki (grade 4b) 座敷. [he was promoted to Zashiki because he lend 2000 kanmon (a monetary unit) to the “crown ship office,” which urgently needed money for the visit of the Chinese investiture envoys (sappōshi)]
  • 1849-10-06: Dies after a long life of 73 years, posthumous name Sengen 仙言

10. Generation Kōshi 興始

  • Childhood name: Umikami 思龜
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Kōseki 雍光績
  • Born 1787-07-25 as the fourth son
  • Father: Kōkō 興孝
  • Mother: Makatu 眞嘉戸 from the Ryū-clan 柳氏
  • Wife: Makamado 眞蒲戸, daughter of Arakaki Tsūji Pēchin Kashi from the Rin-clan 林氏新垣通事親雲上家梓
  • Oldest daughter: Makatu 眞加戸 (born 1812-08-07)
  • Second daughter: Ndarugani 武樽金 (born 1817-06-24)
  • Third daughter: Umikami 思龜 (born 1820-09-10)
  • Fourth daughter: Mazuru 眞鶴 (born 1823-10-04)
  • Fifth daughter: Umitu 思戸 (born 1835-01-25)
  • Heir: Kōsen 興仙

During the Era of King Shō On (rg. 1795 – 1802)

  • 1801-07-20: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)

During the Era of King Shō Kō (rg. 1804 – 1834)

  • 1816-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷
  • 1826-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Yellow Hachimaki 黄冠

During the Era of King Shō Iku (rg. 1835 – 1847)

  • 1847-12-01: Serves as Sō-kumigashira 惣與頭 of Tomari village
  • 1851-08-10: Dies after a long life of 65 years, posthumous name Jugan 壽岩

11. Generation Kōshi 興址

  • Childhood name: Makamado 眞蒲戸
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Shinki 雍振起
  • Born 1804-11-28 as the first son
  • Father: Kōga 興賀
  • Mother: Uminda 思武太 from the Ryū-clan 柳氏
  • Wife: Umikami 思龜, daughter of Yamada Chikudun Pēchin Gikō from the Yō-clan 容氏山田筑登之親雲上義厚
  • Oldest daughter: Makatu 眞嘉戸 (born 1849-08-20)
  • Heir: Kōyō 興應

During the Era of King Shō Kō (rg. 1804 – 1834)

  • 1818-11-06: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)
  • 1829-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷

During the Era of King Shō Iku (rg. 1835 – 1847)

  • 1836-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Yellow Hachimaki 黄冠
  • 1838-12-01: Serves as Sō-kumigashira 惣與頭 of Tomari village

During the Era of King Shō Tai (rg. 1848 – 1872)

  • 1848-12-01: Serves as Tomari-hissha 泊筆者
  • 1860-03-29: Died at the age of 57 years, posthumous name Shingen 心源

11. Generation Kōkō 興功

  • Childhood name:  Umikana 思加那
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Shinbatsu 雍振發
  • Born 1811-11-19, originally the second son of Iha Chikudun Pēchin Kōga (Yō Kōkun) 伊波筑登之親雲上興賀 (雍光勲) and mother Uminda 思武太, daughter of Idesuna Chikudun Pēchin Ryūjun from the Ryū-clan 柳氏出砂筑登之親雲上隆順. Since his uncle Kōhon 興本 [10. gen] had no successor, he was designated heir on 1870-08-17)
  • Father: Kōhon 興本
  • Wife: Ndarugani 武樽金, daughter of Arime Chikudun Pēchin Kenkyo from the Yō-clan 葉氏有銘筑登之親雲上兼巨
  • Oldest son: Kōboku 興睦
  • Oldest daughter: Umikami 思龜 (born 1834-01-26)
  • Second son: Kōyo 興於
  • Second daughter: Makatu 眞嘉戸 (born 1840-12-18)

During the Era of King Shō Kō (rg. 1804 – 1834)

  • 1825-03-03: He tied up his topknot (coming of age)

During the Era of King Shō Iku (rg. 1835 – 1847)

  • 1838-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷
  • 1841-12-01: Serves as an additional clerk of the Magistrate of Forest Conservation and Management 山奉行方加増筆者
  • 1843-12-01: Serves as a clerk of the Magistrate of Forest Conservation and Management 山奉行筆者, awarded the court rank of Yellow Hachimaki 黄冠

During the Era of King Shō Tai (rg. 1848 – 1872)

  • 1853-11-15: Serves as additional police inspector-general 加増惣横目 of Tomari village
  • 1860-01-08: Died at the age of 50 years, posthumous name Jushin 受心

11. Generation Kōsen 興仙

  • Childhood name: Matsugani 松金
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Shinshō 雍振升
  • Born 1825-07-18, originally the third son of Iha Chikudun Pēchin Kōga (Yō Kōkun) 興賀 (雍光勲) and mother Uminda 思武太, daughter of Idesuna Chikudun Pēchin Ryūjun from the Ryū-clan 柳氏出砂筑登之親雲上隆順. Since his uncle Kōshi 興始 had no successor, he was designated heir)
  • Father: Kōshi 興始
  • Mother: Makamado 眞蒲戸 from the Rin-clan 林氏

During the Era of King Shō Iku (rg. 1835 – 1847)

  • 1840-05-15: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)

During the Era of King Shō Tai (rg. 1848 – 1872)

  • 1852-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷
  • 1858-11-16: Due to the huge ceremony of the royal wedding, he was awarded the court rank of Yellow Hachimaki 黄冠

11. Generation Kōhō 興峯

  • Childhood name: Tarugani 樽金
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Shintatsu 雍振達
  • Born 1831-08-30 as the fourth son
  • Father: Kōga 興賀
  • Mother: Uminda 思武太 from the Ryū-clan 柳氏
  • Wife: Makatu 眞嘉戸, daughter of Arime Chikudun Pēchin Kentei from the Yō-clan 葉氏有銘筑登之親雲上兼定
  • Oldest son: Kōyō 興應 (Childhood name:  Makamado 眞蒲戸, Chinese-style name Yō Tōhō 雍謄芳, born 1851-03-24. Since his uncle Kōshi 興址 [11. gen] had no successor, he was designated his heir on 1867-03-09)
  • Oldest daughter: Umikami 思龜 (born 1854-05-24)

During the Era of King Shō Iku (rg. 1835 – 1847)

  • 1845-08-05: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)

During the Era of King Shō Tai (rg. 1848 – 1872)

  • 1858-11-16: Due to the huge ceremony of the royal wedding, he was awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷
  • 1864-12-06: Awarded the court rank of Yellow Hachimaki 黄冠

12. Generation Kōboku 興睦

  • Childhood name:  Makamado 眞蒲戸
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Sekki 雍錫麒
  • Born 1831-11-25 as the first son
  • Father: Kokō 興功
  • Mother: Ndarugani 武樽金 from the Yō-clan 葉氏
  • Wife:  Makamado 眞蒲戸, daughter of Nakamoto Chikudun Pēchin Kōshu 仲本筑登之親雲上興種 from the Yō-clan 雍氏 (born 1834-05-11, died 1870-09-15 at the age of 37 years, posthumous name Gyokurin 玉輪)
  • Oldest daughter: Umikami 思龜 (born 1852-08-19)
  • Oldest son: Kōshū 興修
  • Second son: Kōgi 興義
  • Third son: Kōkō 興厚
  • Second daughter: Makatu 眞嘉戸 (born 1863-02-16)
  • Second wife: Umitu 思戸, daughter of Hokama Chikudun Pēchin Shōrei from the Kan-clan 咸氏外間筑登之親雲上政令
  • Fourth son: Kōtatsu 興達
  • Third daughter: Mazuru 眞鶴 (born 1876-05-12)

During the Era of King Shō Iku (rg. 1835 – 1847)

1845-08-05: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)

During the Era of King Shō Tai (rg. 1848 – 1872)

  • 1855-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷
  • 1863-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Yellow Hachimaki 黄冠
  • 1868-03-15: Awarded a letter of recommendation [because he lent 1000 kanmon (a monetary unit) to the “crown ship office,” which urgently needed money for the visit of the Chinese investiture envoys (sappōshi)]

12. Generation Kōyo 興於

  • Childhood name: Umikami 思龜
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Sekirin 雍錫麟
  • Born 1837-12-06 as the second son
  • Father: Kokō 興功
  • Mother: Ndarugani 武樽金 from the Yō-clan 葉氏
  • Wife: Mazuru 眞鶴, daughter of Matayoshi Tsūji Pēchin Shōshū from the Ryō-clan 梁氏 又吉通事親雲上昌宗 (she died 1871-05-10 at the age of 36 years, posthumous name Jikaku 自覺)
  • Oldest daughter: Umikami 思龜 (born 1857-05-30)
  • Oldest son: Kōsoku 興則
  • Second son: Kō’ei 興榮
  • Second wife: Moushi 眞牛, daughter of Kabira Pēchin Kaki 川平親雲上嘉規 from the Yō-clan 楊氏
  • Third son: Koshō 興昌
  • Fourth son: Kōjun 興純
  • Fifth son: Kōken 興顯
  • Sixth son: Kōdo 興度

During the Era of King Shō Tai (rg. 1848 – 1872)

  • 1852-08-03: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)
  • 1864-12-06: Awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷
  • 1874-06-01: Serves as a clerk (hissha) of the Bureau of Shrines and Temples 寺社座筆者
  • 1876-06-01: Serves as a clerk (hissha) of the Bureau of Shrines and Temples 寺社座筆者, awarded the court rank of Yellow Hachimaki 黄冠

12. Generation Kōyō 興應

  • Childhood name:  Makamado 眞蒲戸
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Tōhō 雍騰芳
  • Born 1851-03-24 as the first son. Originally he was the oldest son of Iha Chikudun Pēchin Kōhō (Yō Shintatsu) 伊波筑登之親雲上興峯 (雍振達) and mother Makatu 眞嘉戸, the daughter of Arime Chikudun Pēchin Kentei from the Yō-clan 葉氏有銘筑登之親雲上兼定.  Since his uncle Iha Chikudun Pēchin Kōshi (Yō Shinki) 伊波筑登之親雲上興址 (雍振起) had no successor, he was designated his heir on 1867-03-09.
  • Father: Kōshi 興址
  • Mother: Umikami 思龜 from the Yō-clan 容氏
  • Wife: Makatu 眞嘉戸, daughter of Tōma Pēchin Kahei from the Yō-clan 楊氏當間親雲上嘉平
  • Oldest daughter: Umikami 思龜 (born 1872-09-12)
  • Second daughter: Makatu 眞嘉戸 (born 1875-08-29)

During the Era of King Shō Tai (rg. 1848 – 1872)

  • 1866-02-05: He tied up his topknot (coming of age)
  • 1868-03-15: Awarded a letter of recommendation: [because he lent 10,000 kanmon (a monetary unit) to the “crown ship office,” which urgently needed money for the visit of the Chinese investiture envoys (sappōshi)]
  • 1875-12-01: Awarded the court rank of Chikudun Zashiki (grade 9b) 筑登之座敷

13. Generation: Kōshū 興修

  • Childhood name:  Umikana 思加那
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Eishō 雍永昌
  • Born 1855-04-10 as the first son
  • Father: Kōboku 興睦
  • Mother:  Makamado 眞蒲戸 from the Yō-clan 雍氏

During the Era of King Shō Tai (rg. 1848 – 1872)

  • 1869-08-10: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)

13. Generation: Kōgi 興義

  • Childhood name:  Makamado 眞蒲戸
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Eikichi 雍永吉
  • Born 1858-03-10 as the second son
  • Father: Kōboku 興睦
  • Mother:  Makamado 眞蒲戸from the Yō-clan 雍氏

During the Era of King Shō Tai (rg. 1848 – 1872)

  • 1872-01-11: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)

13. Generation: Kōkō 興厚

  • Childhood name:  Matsugani 松金
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Eikō 雍永功
  • Born 1860-10-23 as the third son
  • Father: Kōboku 興睦
  • Mother: Makamado 眞蒲戸 from the Yō-clan 雍氏

During the Era of King Shō Tai (rg. 1848 – 1872)

  • 1874-01-08: he tied up his topknot (coming of age)

13. Generation: Kōsoku 興則

  • Childhood name:  Umikana 思加那
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Seitai 雍成大
  • Born 1864-09-27 as the first son
  • Father: Kōyo 興於
  • Mother:  Mazuru 眞鶴 from the Ryō-clan 梁氏

13. Generation: Kō’ei 興榮

  • Childhood name:  Matsugani 松金
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Seishō 雍成章
  • Born 1866-11-25 as the second son
  • Father: Kōyo 興於
  • Mother:  Mazuru 眞鶴 from the Ryō-clan 梁氏

13. Generation: Koshō 興昌

  • Childhood name:  Makamado 眞蒲戸
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Seikō 雍成功
  • Born 1872-10-04 as the third son
  • Father: Kōyo 興於
  • Mother: Moushi 眞牛 from the Yō-clan 楊氏

13. Generation: Kōtatsu 興達

  • Childhood name: Tarugani 樽金
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Eishō 雍永彰
  • Born 1873-06-21 as the fourth son
  • Father: Kōboku 興睦
  • Mother:  Umitu 思戸 from the Kan-clan 咸氏

13. Generation: Kōjun 興純

  • Childhood name: Tarugani 樽金
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Seishō 雍成璋
  • Born 1875-03-13 as the fourth son
  • Father: Kōyo 興於
  • Mother: Moushi 眞牛 from the Yō-clan 楊氏

13. Generation: Kōken 興顯

  • Childhood name: Umikami 思龜
  • Chinese-style name: Yō Seikei 雍成圭
  • Born 1876-10-11 as the fifth son
  • Father: Kōyo 興於
  • Mother: Moushi 眞牛 from the Yō-clan 楊氏

13. Generation: Kōdo 興度

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