Kinjō Masanra, AKA Kinjō Ufuchiku, AKA Kanī-usumē (1834-1916)
Budōka (tōdī and kobujutsu), Official of the royal government (in the rank of an Ufuchiku), Second Hand Dealer.
Kinjō was born in the community of Tōbaru village in Shuri, the present Naha-shi Shuri Tōbaru-chō. He was called Kinjō Ufuchiku (nickname Kanī-usumē) and was famous as a master of saijutsu. Ufuchiku was an official title under the royal government, equivalent to today’s police commissioner.
The students of Kinjō:
Among his students were Gibo Kamado and Gusukuma Riō, splendid fellows who ran up the ascending slope to Shuri ran in iron clogs. Furthermore there were Kinjō Shinkō (born 1877) and Tokashiki Sanda (Saburō).
It was Yabiku Mōden who received special training from Kinjō. Furthermore there was Kina Shōsei, who in turn was the teacher of Kyan Shin’ei.
Kina Shōsei originally came from Higa in Nakagusuku-son. He visited Kinjō at his home in Shuri Gibo in the year 1907, where he learned the fundamentals of saijutsu. At that time, Kinjō was already about 74 or 75 years old and made his living as second-hand goods dealer. Within the abolition of the feudal system and establishment of prefectures (1874-79) the Royal Government of Ryūkyū was abolished and thus Ufuchiku also lost his job. For this reason, Kinjō struggled to earn a living.
In connection with the martial arts, Kinjō was strict, rigorous, accurate and he relentlessly exhorted his students:
“Someone who learns Bujutsu with me, I neither allow to criticize my style nor my methods, nor to modify the Kata. I also do not permit – under any circumstances – the use of alcohol, tobacco, gambling, or fights.”
Kina Shōsei was Kinjō’s last student. Around the age of twenty years he visited him and asked to be allowed to become a student. This was first of all rejected. After Kina asked for admission another two or three times, he finally received approval. And then, within an intensive study of 5 years, Ufuchiku initiated him into the secret lore of the techniques of karatejutsu, saijutsu.
With regard to the Bujutsu of Kinjō Ufuchiku, Kina remembered:
“The meaning, the significance, the heart we must fulfill was described by master Kinjō as thus: ‘The ultimate secret or secret principle of martialness (bu) is the heart (kokoro)’,”
“‘The heart (kokoro) of kobujutsu is defense, not preventive attack’.”
These were the favorite words of Ufuchiku. Precisely because Kinjō Ufuchiku made this morality of the martial virtues clear in a rigorous and strict way, he is a pioneer of kobujutsu.
During the era of kings Shō Iku and Shō Tai he traveled as a royal bodyguard to Edo (Tōkyō). One of the gifts presented to the imperial family on this occasion was an Okinawan horse (pony). Since the winter of 1374, when King Satto sent his tribute manager Taiki to Ming-China, horses and sulfur where given to the Ming emperor as tribute. The horses were small-sized and white spotted and came from Miyako and Yonaguni. They were called Kōjā nu Ma-gwa. When Kinjō Ufuchiku traveled to Edo, such a white spotted horse was the gift to the imperial family. It has been told that when during the voyage the horse would refuse to eat his food, Kinjō Ufuchiku would also refused to eat. This shows a lot of compassion for the animals.
While in Edo, every morning Kinjō Ufuchiku struck against a makiwara he had erected on the edge of the well, carried heavy stones through the water, and trained his entire body. Although he did not drink alcohol he would solemnly raise his mug with both hands for toasting, to congratulate and at festivals. Such well-mannered he was. Although he did not drink alcohol, he liked tea instead. His meals quite simple and consisted mainly of vegetables, particularly potatoes and the leaves of sweet potato (kandabā) were his favorite dish.
Kinjō Ufuchiku told his only granddaughter, Iha Kiyo (born 1905),
“After I’m dead, and the time of the bone washing has come, examine my hip bone”.
This she did and it turned out that Ufuchiku’s hip bone was still of great strength, that is, the individual bones had not fallen apart, but still held together. While the hip bone of an average person detaches, the hip bone of stronger person as a result of the training will remain strong and firm. This was the result of daily training in karate and kobujutsu, which still reveals itself even after death. Ufuchiku enjoyed cordial trust and popularity and intended to influence many young men by teaching them kobudō.
He passed away October 13, 1916, at the age of 82 years.
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