Issue 1: In 1960, the first dan and kyu grading regulation of Okinawa karate circles was implemented by the Okinawa Karate-do Renmei. 25 people graded 3rd dan, 23 people graded 2nd dan, and 40 people graded 1st dan.
TASK: Name an Okinawan school and the time when it first implemented its grading regulations? (hint)
Issue 2: In postwar Okinawa, karate and kobudo tools were mainly made by blacksmiths, cart makers, and the like, or they were self-made. Water cans used by the US armed forces or 18-liter cans were used as Sanchin-gami (jars). Then, in the 1970s, it became common to purchase everything from sporting goods manufacturers. Mirrors were began to be placed in the dojo to study one’s forms. In case of Makiwara, until that time straw was used, but this was changed to rubber and leather. Also, kobudo weapons and weapons racks began to appear.
TASK: Name a manufacturer of karate and kobudo equipment.
Issue 3: In postwar Okinawa, old photos show karatmen wearing judo clothes or jujutsu clothes.
TASK: Who manufactured modern karate dogi in Okinawa today?
Issue 4: As for the interor design of Okinawan dojo, in the 1950s it was common to use the living room of one’s own home, or to train open-air, or half of the courtyard at the master’s house was used as the dojo. Then, since the 1960s, and similar to mainland dojo, home Shinto shrines (kamidana), photos of teachers, dojo instructions (dojokun), etc. were placed in the dojo, and art pieces such as “the eight poems of kenpo” or hanging scrolls of martial arts gods were placed in the dojo. Shisa are also used more and more.
TASKS: Name some specific features of Okinawan dojo interor design.
ISSUE 5: Women began to appear in Okinawa Karate in the 1960s, which was the beginning of female participation in karate.
TASK: Qualify and quantify the origin and development of female participation in Karate.
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