Tag Archives: heishiki taisō

“Karate Kumite” 1905

In 2016, my new discovery of a photo of Hanashiro Chōmo was featured on the website of the Okinawa Traditional Karate Liaison Bureau. Then, in 2018 I translated and published the Genealogy of Hanashiro. Today I add an overview of … Continue reading

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When Karate was Military Drill

In 1872, the Japanese government introduced a new educational system which emphasized the “threefold objective of academic education, moral education, and physical education.” The latter of which–physical education–was based on Western physical education. A first move to look into Japanese … Continue reading

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Karate and Western-style military training

The Motobu-ryū blog just published an interesting article entitled “Mai no Te and Fluidity.” In it there is a short note mentioning the influence of Western-style military training (heishiki taisō 兵式体操) on the practice of early modern karate. Find corresponding short … Continue reading

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